STUDY GUIDE for FINAL

U.S. HISTORY FINAL STUDY GUIDE
CHAPTERS 14-26

Chapter 14 – The Great Depression Begins
Section 1
Describe the causes of the stock market crash and the Great Depression.
Explain how the Great Depression affected the economy in the U.S. and throughout the world.
Section 2
Describe the effect of the Great Depression on people’s lives, including the effects of the Dust Bowl.
Section 3
Explain Hoover’s initial response to the Depression.
Summarize the actions Hoover took to help the economy and the hardship suffered by Americans.

Chapter 15 – The New Deal
Section 1
Summarize the initial steps Roosevelt took to reform banking and finance.
Describe New Deal work programs.
Describe the reaction of the Supreme Court to New Deal programs and how Roosevelt proposed to reorganize the Supreme Court.
Section 2
Describe the purpose of the Second New Deal.
Summarize the New Deal programs for farmers, youths and workers.
Section 3
Describe the New Deal coalition.
Section 4
Describe the entertainment provided by motion pictures and radio.
Section 5
Summarize the legacies of the New Deal.

Chapter 16 – World War Looms
Section 1
Describe America’s turn to isolationism in the 1930’s.
Section 2
Explain how Britain and France responded to Hitler’s expansions.
Summarize the first battles of World War II.
Section 3
Summarize the Nazi’s persecution of the Jews and their “final solution.”
Section 4
Describe the U.S. response to the outbreak of war in Europe in 1939.
Explain how Roosevelt assisted the Allies without declaring war.
Summarize the events that brought the U.S. into armed contact with Germany.
Describe the American response to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

Chapter 17 – The United States in World War II
Section 1
Explain how the U.S. expanded its armed forces and wartime production.
Summarize the efforts of the U.S. government to control the economy.
Section 2
Summarize the Allies’ plan for winning the war.
Explain the importance of D-Day and the Battle of the Bulge.
Section 3
Identify key turning points in the war of the Pacific.
Explain the development of the atomic bomb and debates about its use.
Describe the challenges faced by the Allies in rebuilding peace.
Section 4
Describe the economic and social changes that reshaped American life during World War II.
Describe the discrimination that minorities faced and the internment of Japanese Americans.

Chapter 18 – Cold War Conflicts
Section 1
Explain the growing tension between the U.S. and the Soviet Union after World War II.
Explain the goals of the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan.
Describe the conflicts over Germany.
Section 2
Explain the U.S. reaction to China becoming a communist country.
Summarize the events of the Korean War.
Section 3
Describe efforts to investigate the loyalty of U.S. citizens, and the tactics of Joseph McCarthy.
Summarize the spy cases of Alger Hiss and the Rosenbergs.
Section 4
Explain the policy of brinkmanship.
Describe American and Soviet actions that caused the Cold War to spread around the world.
Summarize the impact of Sputnik and the U-2 incident on the United States.

Chapter 19 – The Postwar Boom
Section 1
Identify economic and social problems Americans faced after World War II.
Describe Truman’s support for civil rights.
Contrast domestic policies of Truman and Eisenhower.
Section 2
Explain how changes in business affected workers.
Describe the suburban lifestyle of the 1950s.
Identify causes and effects of the boom in the automobile industry.
Explain the increase in consumerism in the 1950s.
Section 3
Explain the effects of the growth of television.
Section 4
Explain how the white migration to the suburbs created an urban crisis.

Chapter 20 – The New Frontier and the Great Society
Section 1
Describe the new military policy of the Kennedy administration.
Summarize the crises that developed over Cuba.
Summarize the crisis over Berlin.
Section 2
Summarize the New Frontier domestic and foreign agendas.
Describe the chain of events surrounding Kennedy’s assassination.
Section 3
Summarize the goals of Johnson’s Great Society, including the Immigration Act of 1965.
Identify the reforms of the Warren Court.
Summarize the impact of the Great Society.

Chapter 21 – Civil Rights
Section 1
Explain how legalized segregation deprived African Americans of their rights as citizens.
Summarize civil rights legal activity and the response to the Plessy v Ferguson andBrown v. Board of Education cases.
Trace Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s civil rights activities, beginning with the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
Describe the expansion of the civil rights movement.
Section 2
Identify the goal of the freedom riders.
Indentify the motives of the 1963 March on Washington.
Explain the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
Section 3
Compare segregation in the North with segregation in the South.
Identify the leaders who shaped the Black Power movement.
Describe the reaction to the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.
Summarize the accomplishments of the civil rights movement.

Chapter 22 – The Vietnam War Years
Section 1
Summarize America’s reasons for supporting France in Vietnam, including the domino theory.
Explain how the United States became involved in the Vietnam conflict.
Section 2
Explain the reasons for the escalation of U.S. involvement in Vietnam.
Section 3
Explain the draft policies that led to the Vietnam War becoming a working-class war.
Describe the antiwar movement and the growing divisions in U.S. public opinion about the war.
Section 4
Describe the Tet offensive and its effect on the American public.
Explain the domestic turbulence of 1968.

Section 5
Describe Nixon’s policy of Vietnamization.
Explain the public’s reaction to the Vietnam War during Nixon’s presidency.
Describe the end of U.S. involvement and the final outcome in Vietnam.
Explain the war’s legacy and the reason for the War Powers Act.

Chapter 23 – An Era of Social Change
Section 1
Summarize the efforts of Latinos to secure civil rights and better treatment, including the work of Cesar Chavez.
Explain the efforts of Native Americans to secure reforms in government policies.
Section 2
Describe some of the early gains and losses of the women’s movement.
Section 3
Summarize the counterculture and its impact on society.

Chapter 24 – An Age of Limits
Section 1
Summarize Nixon’s plans to lead the nation on a more conservative course.
Explain Nixon’s southern strategy.
Describe the steps Nixon took to battle stagflation.
Summarize Nixon’s foreign policy approach and explain the importance of his visits to China and the Soviet Union.
Section 2
Summarize the Watergate scandal.
Explain the effects of Watergate.
Section 3
Summarize Ford’s efforts to confront economic problems and handle foreign policy.
Summarize Jimmy Carter’s approach to solving economic problems.
Summarize Carter’s achievements and failures in foreign policy matters.
Section 4
Identify key environment issues of the 1970s.

Chapter 25 – The Conservative Tide
Section 1
Identify the goals of the conservative movement.
Section 2
Summarize Reagan’s economic programs.
Section 3
Summarize national concerns about health, education, and urban problems.
Section 4
Identify changes in the Communist world that ended the Cold War.
Summarize U.S. actions taken to influence Central American and Caribbean affairs.
Explain U.S. Involvement in the Persian Gulf War.

Chapter 26 – The United States in Today’s World
Section 1
Describe Clinton’s stand on domestic issues.
Describe Clinton’s approach to foreign policy.
Describe the first months of the Bush administration.
Section 2
Describe changes resulting from a global economy.
Section 3
Summarize the growth of communications and scientific advances.
Section 4
Identify causes of urban flight.
Explain the impact of the aging of America.
Describe changing migration patterns and immigration policies.